Social Well-Being Of Disabled People In Conditions Of The Modern Russian City

Authors

  • Marina Anatolevna Mefodeva, Ekaterina Aleksandrovna Karelina, Elena Rudolfovna Mirzaeva, Lilia Ernstovna Ilikova, Irina V Terentyeva

Keywords:

people with disabilities, urban studies, stigmatization, infantilization, well-being in the urban environment, architectonics.

Abstract

The article is devoted to the study of the urban context of disability. The research
methodology is built within the interdisciplinary field of "disability studies" by involving urban
studies. The research was conducted by the focus group method. Young people with disabilities
were selected from disabled students who receive higher education at the capital's inclusive
university from small and medium-sized provincial towns. The objective of the study was to
diagnose social well-being of the disabled in the format of assessing the inclusive properties of
urban design. The results of the study allowed to clarify the way of creating the reality of
disability in urban conditions taking into account groups of citizens, things, procedures and
urban flows. Sociological analysis showed new contexts of attitudes towards people with
disabilities on the part of typical townspeople. Positive changes due to the creation of
infrastructure, trends of infantilization of disabled people and increased attention to them are
being recorded today. But it does not allow us to talk about significant achievements on the
path of normalization of their lives. Urban spaces are sensitive to the presence of people with
disabilities. The way how non-disabled people treat the disabled in cities and towns have
similarities and differences, but it is worth speaking of a difference in the reasons that trigger
a negative attitude towards people with disabilities in the stratification context of the cities.

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Published

2022-09-06