Students’ Psychological and Social Conflict in Online Learning in The Pandemic Era Of Covid-19: Case Study At Elementary Schools In Cilacap, Central Java, Indonesia
Online learning which has lasted for approximately 14 months has an impact on the social and psychological mental conditions of students in all regions of Indonesia, starting from the elementary school, high school and university level. This condition is in line with the issuance of government regulations regarding the learning process during the Covid-19 pandemic. Online learning at the elementary school level will give rise to challenges and problems, including social conflicts. Students and parents who do not understand learning activities at home, and psychological conflicts, including the limitations of students and parents in mastering technology. This research is qualitative research using a case study approach. Data collection techniques were carried out by interviews, observation, and documentation. The subjects in this study were parents and students of elementary schoolsin Cilacap, Central Java, Indonesia, including SD Al Mujahidin Cilacap Utara, SD Al-Irsyad Cilacap Selatan, and SD Al-Azhar Cilacap Tengah. The collected data was analyzed by using interactive methods, such as simplifying the data, presenting the collected data, and drawing conclusions. As for the result of this study, it was found that parents' social conflicts could not replace the teacher's main role, students became less confident, and the economy of the family became sluggish. In psychological conflicts, students and parents feel bored, learning motivation tends to decrease, and there are limitations in mastering technology. Online learning in the Covid-19 pandemic era is still not a reliable learning strategy. However, whatever students, parents and educators conduct in online learning will give contribution in improving the quality of education.