Effect of Covid-19 Pandemic towards Behavioral Strategies among Community in Perhentian Island
The study aimed to identify the effect of covid-19 pandemic shock towards behavioral strategies among communities in island. The independent variables of this study are risk management, economic, health, environmental and political shock. The dependent variable is behavioural strategy.
This study has been conducted on 297 respondents at Perhentian Island using the simple random sampling which is part of probability sampling technic. However, only 157 respondents managed to be collected due to the weather constraint and transmission of covid-19 outbreak. The data were collected through the interview face to face or respondents answered the questionnaires by themselves while being monitored by the enumerators. After data collection, it was analyzed using SPSS software. The data screening prior to does the inferential analysis. One of the inferential analysis carried out in this study was the repeated measured ANOVA to compare the mean of expenditure before, during and after MCO. Besides, the simple and multiple linear regression were also employed.
The result indicates there is significant different between mean expenditure of food, debt and liability, saving, entertainment (hobby and sport), petrol/diesel and contribution to parents before and during MCO as well as during and after MCO, respectively. Besides, the regression analysis has been conducted on two models. From Model 1, the findings show the shock due to the pandemic is significant and positively affecting the behavioural strategy. Meanwhile in Model 2, the economic shock, health shock, environmental shock, and risk management are significant and positively affect the behavioural strategy except political shock. The economic shock is dominant factor affecting the behavioural strategy to overcome problem regarding expenditure and spiritual practice, followed by health shock, risk management and environmental shock.
The current study contributes to the knowledge gap by including the community of Perhentian Island, Malaysia as the sample of study. Moreover, the findings of this study could also be applied as guidelines for future research. Therefore, from the findings, a few suggestions are identified which are the community should reduce all types of their spending just not only to overcome problem regarding expenditure during pandemic but it is to ensure the standard operation procedure (SOP) to be complied.