Geographical Factors for Geotourism Development by Geomorphological and Archaeological Sites in Wadi Dhahban Basin, Asir Region, Saudi Arabia


  • Mena Elassal


Wadi Dhahban is located in Al-Birk Governorate, which is one of the governorates of the Asir Region. Geodiversity, cultural and biological diversity are factors of tourist attraction in the study area. Wadi Dhahban is associated with processes and forms of geodiversity, that can contribute to the development of geotourism in the Asir region. In this research, tourism attractions are identified based on features of geodiversity, biodiversity, and cultural diversity. Additionally, Wadi Dhahban's mapping and geotourism grouping are based on integrated physical circumstances. Primary and secondary data are the foundation of the strategy. Approach for data analysis incorporates qualitative, content, map, and a qualitative descriptive method. Visiting geographical sites as geotourism demonstrates a differ sub-sector of natural area tourism, which is a pattern of tourism that is specialized focuses on the economic use of geological and archaeological heritage under the tourism industry's aegis. Wadi Dhahban in Saudi Arabia offers huge potential for geotourism development. Diverse topographic features are the geological and archaeological tourism resources of the regions. This research paper aims to review the tourism potential of the valley in terms of scientific, cultural and economic value, and to use these capabilities in terms of the degree and method of exploitation, was based on the study of geosites, in addition, the geomorphological features, agricultural terraces, coral reefs, and volcanic mountains. It is an attempt to classify the geographical locations of Wadi Dhahban from the perspective of geotourism mapping and seven sites were proposed in the valley for camping to aim of ensuring sustainability in the field of geographical heritage management, find that one of the main factors for tourist attractions in Wadi Dhahban is the diversity and diversity of surface manifestations between the mountain and the sea, in addition to the contribution of other factors such as agricultural terraces, waterfalls that occur after rain, monuments, and inscriptions.