Nasal Morphology Anthropological Assessment of the Toraja Regency as Basic Data for Forensic Identification
Indonesia is one of the countries with the most number of susceptible areas to various natural disasters, thus proper and scientific identification process needs to be a major national concern. Personal identification is a significant priority in forensic science to determine the identity of disaster victims. Biological profiling is one method that can be used to determine the sex of an unrecognizable victim. In previous studies, nasal index is one example of facial profiles that can be used to identify race and gender. With nasal index data, it will be easier to classify humans into groups that have the same characteristics. This study can be used to determine nasal morphology of the Toraja Tribe population, in Uluway Village, Toraja Regency, which will be used as basic data for forensic identification.
This cross sectional study was conducted on the indigenous population of the Toraja tribe. Nasal index data was measured by comparing nasal width with nasal height. Data analysis employed was descriptive statistical techniques using IBM ®SPSS ® Statistics version 24.0.
Results and Discussion
This study was conducted on 280 indigenous TorajaNESE populations, which were determined using simple random sampling technique on 1230 populations of Uluway Village, Toraja Regency. The results of this study indicate that the most common nasal type in men is the mesorhine type, whilst for women it is the leptorhine type. Similar results were reported by Patil et al, which showed that the mesorhine type was the most common nasal type in males and the leptorhine type in females.
Results of this study indicated that after measuring nasal index, there are many anthropological variations in the morphology of the nasal index (Leptorhine, Mesorhine, Platyrhine, and hyperplatyrhine) based on race, age and sex that can be used to explore the characteristics of the Torajanese ethnic population as basic data in forensic odontology identification.