Glosematic Rhetoric Expression as Indonesian Language Learning in Linguistic Discourse at School


  • Sri Wahyuni
  • Ida Zulaeha
  • Subyantoro
  • Hari Bakti Mardikantoro


Textual rhetoric is an approach based on the principles of (1) processibility, (2) clarity, (3) economics, and (4) expressivity in the form of using language effectively in a discourse with the aim of understanding the message contained in the discourse. The problem in this research is students have variations in the speed and fluency of expression in expressing different ideas and have a variety of speeds in capturing ideas so they produce varied discourses both in terms of expression and content. Furthermore, students in expressing ideas still use the discourse model, although writing learning skills cannot be separated from the experience factor and level of thinking ability in capturing ideas. Therefore, the expression rhetoric glosematic in the learning linguistic discourse of high school students needs to be researched. The purpose of this research is to find the expression of rhetorical glosematic in the writing learning discourse on a linguistic discourse of high school students. This research is a qualitative descriptive study and the object of research is the discourse of high school students. The data of this research are part of the linguistic discourse of 12th-grade students in the Indonesian language subject in terms of rhetoric, while the data sources are linguistic texts in the form of expositions, arguments, explanations, editorials, and articles. Data collection is done by listening techniques and advanced techniques in the form of note-taking techniques. The results of the research on rhetorical expressions of a linguistic discourse of high school students found that (1) rhetorical principles included 29.31% of the probability principle, 20.80% of the clarity principle, 18.16% of the economic principle, 31.72% of the expressivity principle; (2) rhetorical aspects include 37.84 % ethos, 25.57 % logos, 34.59 % pathos; (3) types of rhetoric include 3.99% forensic rhetoric, 79.73% deliberative rhetoric. 5.98 % epideictic. In addition, students' linguistic discourse also found forms of word choice that have experiential, relational, and expressive values. The experiential values found used 18.64 % text classification patterns, 21.69 % lexical processes, 32.20% generalizations, 23.39 % relational meanings, 4.07% metaphors while the relational values found used 34.94% euphemisms, 43.73% formal, and 30.11% informal. The expressive value found used a 46.41% positive evaluation pattern and 53.59% negative evaluation.   At the level of syntactic structure more complex sentences (61.23%) are used than simple sentences (35.20%).