Impact Of Self-Help Group On Economic Empowerment Of Rural Women By Support Of Govt, A Study In Dhemaji District,Assam


  • Jayanta Hazarika
  • Dr. Chow Nakunand Singkai


Women constituted around fifty percent of the total resources in India’s economy. Yet women are poor underprivileged than as they are subject to marry socio-economic and cultural constrains .The situation is more severe in the rural back ward areas .Government of India  launched numbers of scheme since 1984 for women empowerment in rural areas  with a view to improve the socio-economic condition of the rural women .Government of India of India has introduced a pilot project in 1999 ,under this project Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY) was implemented in whole of the country to organize rural poor in to Self Help Group (SHGs ), through bank credit and government subsidy . In June 2011 government of India Ministry of Rural development National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM ) as renamed and restructured of SGSY with  the financial aid from world bank  .This is one of the one of the flagship program of ministry of rural development government of India for rural women empowerment and poverty eradication .This is one of the world’s most prominent initiative to improve the livelihood of the rural poor .The program was succeed by Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana on 25 September 2015 .SHGs are a viable alternative to achieve the objective of rural women empowerment . SHGs play a pivotal role in social transformation and social economic betterment of rural women. The National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) is being implemented in Assam by the Assam State Rural Livelihood Mission (ASRLM) with the objectives laid down by NRLM for enhancing the social and economic empowerment of the rural poor of Assam. It is an independent and autonomous body under Society Registration Act. XXI of 1860 and was established by the Panchayat and Rural Development Department of Assam on 11th November 2011. It has been designed as a multipronged approach to strengthen the livelihoods of the rural poor by promoting SHGs.