Evaluation of COVID-19 awareness and its relation to nutritional behaviors in Western Saudi Arabia
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has remarkably increased mortality and morbidity rates around the world. The present study was achieved to evaluate of COVID-19 awareness and its relation to nutritional behaviours in Western Saudi Arabia.
Saudi and non-Saudi participants (n=110, age ≥ 18 years old, Men and Women) enrolled in this study from 25 September to 25 November 2022. All data were collected using an online self-reported questionnaire, using Google forms. IBM SPSS Statistics 23 Version was used for data analysis.
Our result shows that (61) of total participants (110) were Women which indicates that Women are more aware of COVID-19 of the nutritional behaviours than Men (49). In addition, the Saudi population (74) were more aware of COVID-19 of nutritional behaviours than non-Saudis (36). This study shows that there aren't differences among the degrees of the sample individuals in awareness of COVID-19 and its relation to nutritional behaviors according to the Marital status variable. The most aware population according to Education were who have Masters / PhD than those who have Bachelor and High School or Diploma at about (41.44, 40.82 and 27.13) respectively. Therefore, the sample individuals aged From (41) years old or more come in the first place, where they were more aware of COVID-19 disease and more aware of nutritional behaviours than other samples. In addition, Employed were more aware of COVID-19 disease and more aware of the nutritional behaviors than Unemployed . This study shows that, the sample individuals whose income is Over 10000 were more aware of COVID-19 disease and more aware of nutritional behaviors than other individuals.
The findings of the current results indicate that the population aged ≥ 18 years old in western Saudi Arabia among the Saudi and non-Saudi in overall were aware of COVID-19 of the nutritional behaviours. Additional researches is needed to be done so people are sufficiently aware of the nutritional behaviours to keep themselves healthier particularly in lockdown situations.