Improving Mathematics Education in Indonesian Elementary School Through the Use of E-Learning and CPA Approach


  • Haris Setyawan
  • Dwijoko Purbohadi


In Indonesia, mathematics lessons are difficult, boring, and uninteresting for most students. The low interest and understanding of students in learning mathematics is due to the lack of ability of teachers to package and present material. This research developed an e-Learning-based learning assistant system, using the Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract (CPA) approach. We developed this model to make it easier for math teachers to explain concepts. Kami designed this system so that students would enjoy feeling happy and quick to understand.  There is a lot of research on mathematical learning innovations, but there has been no innovation that combines CPA and E-learning methods.  We innovate mathematics learning using the CPA approach so that students understand quickly, and we use e-learning so that learning becomes interesting.  The combination of CPA with E-learning and applied in elementary schools in Indonesia has never been studied.  From the trials it is known that the system can work well, helping students understand concepts, making students look to enjoy learning, and solving some difficulties in mathematics. However, during implementation, students still need guidance from the teacher, especially to help understand a concept.  The implications of these findings are that the CPA approach with eLearning to learn mathematics has great potential, but its implementation presents its own challenges. One of the challenges is that it is not easy for teachers and schools to switch from conventional models to learning models with a CPA approach. The research that has come to focus on innovation to improve the system to make it easier and cheaper tantangan tersendiri. Salah satu tantangan tersebut adalah tidak mudah bagi guru dan sekolah untuk beralih dari model konvensional ke model pembelajaran dengan pendekatan CPA.