Mental Health Problems & Its Causes: A Case Study of University Students in Pakistan


  • Farid Ullah Khan
  • Zuha Rahman
  • Prof. Dr. Fazlur Rahman
  • Dr. Waqar Ahmad
  • Wali Muhammad
  • Nabila Nazir
  • Muhammad Irfan Irshad
  • Muhammad Hamid Nawaz Khan


Mental health problems are getting worse worldwide, and Pakistan is no exception. Most university students in Pakistan are between the ages of 18 and 20. Very few students are less than 18 years old. Concern for the mental health of university students has increased lately (Khan et al., 2021). In this study, the researchers aimed to get a deeper understanding of the mental health of Pakistani university students and the factors that influence it. This research used a quantitative cross-sectional design and “consecutive sampling” as its sampling technique. Urdu versions of the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale 42 (DASS-42) item scale, developed by Lovibond (1995) and later modified by Hussain and Gulzar (2020), were used to gather data from university students in person. The data analysis revealed a considerable increase in depression, anxiety, and stress among 628 randomly selected students from three universities in District Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. SPSS was used to analyze the data and determine its application. The repeated measures in this study revealed that the rates of depression, anxiety, and stress among university students were significantly different with reference to demographics.