The Effectiveness Of Music Therapy As A Non-Pharmacological Tool On Cognitive Functions Among Geriatric Community Population
Background: The increasing rate of ageing worldwide gives rise to the need of improved health care services for the community geriatric population. Therapeutic ability of music to address psychological and physiological issues have been well recognised for ages. The present study aims at exploring the scope of music as a therapeutic tool to improve selected cognitive abilities of elderly individuals without cognitive impairments.
Methods: A Randomised Control Pre-post design was adopted for the present study with a sample size of 80 community geriatrics within the age group of 60 and 80 years. Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) was used as the screening test to exclude geriatrics with cognitive impairments. The participants were randomly assigned into two groups, viz., Intervention and Control Groups. The Intervention Group was given individual biweekly Music Therapy intervention for three months and the measures assessed were Attention, Memory and Executive Functions. Assessments were done at the baseline level and three months after the completion of Music Therapy Intervention.
Results: The study reveals that music therapy has improved all the three parameters of the Cognitive Functions, viz., attention capacity, working memory functions and executive functions of the elderly individuals. Thus, Music Therapy may be considered as a non-pharmacological tool for facilitating healthy cognitive ageing. Further extensive research is necessary with larger sample and different other modes of Music Therapy Interventions to support the present findings.