Impact of Ethnic Conflict on Occupational Pattern and Standard of living of the Conflict Affected Victims in Bodoland Territorial Area District (BTAD) in Assam


  • Dr. Kaveri Khound


Ethnic Conflict has been a recurring problem in BTAD region of Assam. Community life had been severely disrupted due to violence and instability during conflict. Majority of the cultivable land are abandoned by farmers due to forced migration during conflict. Many of the business establishments had been destroyed and burnt during conflict. Conflict had led to disruption of markets. Lack of markets for the agricultural produce had compelled many farmers to abandon farming. This had led to change in occupational pattern of the people in conflict affected areas. Many of the conflict affected victims had experienced reduction in monthly household income after the conflict. All these factors have led to increase in unemployment rate and reduction in standard of living of the people in conflict affected areas. In this paper, an attempt has been made to study the impact of Ethnic Conflict on occupational pattern and standard of living of people in Kokrajhar District of BTAD region of Assam. The study is based on both primary and secondary data. Primary data had been collected through direct interview method from 500 respondents of the ten surveyed villages in Kokrajhar district.