The role of religious buildings in the reconstruction of cities destroyed by wars and conflicts
This paper attempts to shed light on the most important factors influencing religious buildings and their role in reviving historical cities destroyed by wars and internal armed conflicts, while preserving the local identity. The research took each of the cities of Dresden in Germany, Banja Luka and Mostar in the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Homs in Syria. This study aims to identify the most prominent importance that contributed to the reconstruction of the destroyed religious buildings and their impact on the urban context, in order to reach an analysis that shows the importance of religious buildings and their role in the reconstruction of cities. The hypothesis came that the religious and historical importance are the most prominent in the reconstruction of these buildings and their impact on the urban context. To achieve the goal, the analytical descriptive approach was relied on, which relied on collecting information and sources through analyzing historical records, books, and studies that dealt with the sites of religious buildings and their importance, to obtain a set of indicators related to the urban, religious, social, and economic aspects. Where a group of results emerged that included the importance of buildings with religious values, historical and symbolic reconstruction contributes to the restoration of urban identity and the strengthening of a sense of belonging.