Tourism Curriculum, a Contestation Space for Employability: A Case of Technical Vocational Education and Training


  • Mokgaetsi Prudence Maloka
  • Mphahlele Lydia Kgomotso
  • Khashane Stephen Malatji


This paper evaluates the present NCV tourism program to see how well it meets the requirements of the tourism industry for employing graduates with this specific qualification. The study employed a qualitative research methodology and a case study research design. Following an interpretivist paradigm, emphasis was focused on understanding the individual participants' interpretations of the world. Tourism graduates who graduated between 2013 and 2017 were selected by systematic sampling. Four lecturers and two tourism industry employers were interviewed. Interviews and document analysis were used to collect data. The offered NCV Tourism Curriculum was evaluated to establish the degree of congruence between TVET Colleges and the industry. This research was underpinned by Dredge and Wattannacharoensil's knowledge of the tourism curriculum and the human capital theory, as the study also focuses on employability skills. To analyze the data, a thematic approach was applied. The results of the study revealed that the current curriculum for tourism programmes at TVET Colleges must be revised and aligned with industry needs. The study was concluded by recommending that graduates would need more experience and practical knowledge to be employable in the wider tourism labor market. The results authenticate that more relevant NCV tourism curricula are critically important to make the qualification of greater applicability to the South African tourism industry.