Developing a Conceptual Model for Integrating FRT in Oil and Gas Company Physical Security: A Comparative Study of Security Models.


  • Saeed Hasan Al Zaabi
  • Ruzaidi Zamri
  • S.M.Warusia Mohamed S.M.M Yassin


Security is a significant concern for businesses, institutions, and organizations, regardless of size. However, a more rigorous approach is needed to secure critical infrastructure, such as the oil and gas industry, to prevent possible threats from the ever-changing environment. Over the years, many security models have been developed to assist organizations in implementing adequate security measures. However, given the differences in industry settings and the nature of physical security threats, existing security frameworks may not be sufficient to address the organizations’ threats, requiring alternative approaches to be researched and developed. This study investigates how facial recognition technology can be integrated with the existing physical security culture in an oil and gas company in the United Arab Emirates. The preliminary investigation revealed that FRT and an integrated physical security approach could be used to improve physical security performance. However, the challenge lies in finding an appropriate model for the foundation. Therefore, to facilitate the development of the study’s model for the integration, this article will discuss and compare the various security models, including the Barrier Model, Finnish Comprehensive Security Model, Onion Ring Model, Critical Infrastructure Protection Models, the Integrative Conceptual Framework of Physical Security Culture, the existing Nadap Security Management and CEM 2000 Systems. Additionally, invite a panel of experts to assist in validating the model.