Review on Learning Loss due to School Closure in Response to Public Policy during the Covid-19 Pandemic and Its Legal Impact on Government


  • Gunawan Widjaja
  • Arrisman


This research aims to discuss the legal review of learning loss due to school closure policies to respond to government policies during the covid-19 season. Many studies of learning loss caused by government policies closing schools and activating online classes have been discussed in many reports. However, very few have looked at them from a legal perspective. This study obtained data in the form of publications or secondary data. Data were obtained by searching them through the web. They consisted of the results from previous studies; in the form of reports from the Government and international educational institutions, especially regarding the learning loss impact caused by the Covid-19 pandemic response. After collecting the data, the researcher analyzed the data by selecting them into only data relevant to this research. The researcher found about 50 reading sources as raw data. Our search was done online, then we researched and analyzed it with a phenomenological approach. The researcher chose this approach because it considered that in answering these problems, the researcher based its analysis on quite a lot of report data from previous studies. However, the researcher only review and analyze some of the data which was deemed capable of providing valid and valid answers to the research problems. The discussion showed that in line with the regulations and legal status learning loss is somehow caused by public policy. It proved that the closing of the school and its replacement with online classes or distance learning happened during the Government's response to the pandemic, has left inequality in education services. Such loss may be specially experienced by disadvantaged families and those who live in areas that do not have an internet connection. Thus, it is hoped that these results can be used as data enrichment for further research in order to establish more effective and efficient regulations that may protect the interest of all.