The effect of colored smart lighting in the design of metallic lighting units and selection of textile furnishings in natural reserves in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


  • Dr. Fidia Mohamed Hesham Zakaria
  • Dr. Gamila Adly Mohamed Ibrahim


The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia pays a great attention to the natural reserves, as the Kingdom’s environment witnessed the complete extinction of several fungal organisms in the last hundred years. Thus, it placed them among the priorities of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s Vision 2030. This represents the entry into the subject of our research, whose problem lies in benefiting from the aesthetic and functional values ​​of the changes of smart colored lighting to create virtual colors that simulate their counterparts in reality and achieve the attraction factor for textile fabrics and to reduce the use of light energy to protect the natural reserves. The agreement of the Red Sea Company in the Kingdom, which aspires to develop strategies to limit the use of the unnatural light in the Red Sea project at night, which is one of the most ambitious tourism projects in the world. It makes that to protect the reserves and realize the threats of the light pollution, in addition to confirming the importance of preserving environmental diversity to make it the most important tourist destination in the Red Sea, as well as enjoying a map of the dark sky reserves away from the radiant lights of the city. The importance of the research lies in classifying the aesthetic and functional light of the colored smart lighting units on the textile furnishings in the natural reserves in the Kingdom, and in shedding the light on the importance of using the modern technology for smart lighting, in addition to its role in protecting the environment of the Kingdom. The research aims at revealing the effect of colored light changes with modern technological methods and their effect on the selection of textile furnishings for the natural reserves in order to achieve the environmental balance. Also, it aims at choosing and specifying the types of fabrics suitable for each space according to the function, place and the environmental conditions. The hypothesis of the study contributes to create a virtual atmosphere that affects the surfaces of the textile fabrics and help to choose the appropriate furnishings according to the place and function. It also achieves the aesthetic values and the tourism attraction.  The research applies the descriptive, analytical, experimental methodology where experiments to study the effect of the colored smart lighting with a power of (8 watts, 5 watts) and its impact on the various fabrics,: (5) samples, through the effect of the appropriate lighting color for the reserves (yellow, green, blue, purple) at the best possible angle and distance, in addition to submitting proposals to (21) of specialists to fill out the questionnaire to reach the research results, the most important of which is obtaining the best color effect of smart lighting on the surfaces of the textile fabrics of the dim lighting with a power of 5 watts at night by 75% of the research sample. The appropriate choice of furnishings for indoor and outdoor spaces in hotels and resorts was also determined in order to achieve the aesthetic and functional values, as well as the minimum use of the light energy that contributes to protecting the environment and the biodiversity of the reserves.