The Impact of Training Transfer Theories on the Contemporary HR Practices: Exploring the Challenges Faced by Institutions in the Kingdom of Bahrain
The kingdom of Bahrain launched Vision 2030 in 2006 with the objective of boost the national economy (Bahrain.bh, 2018). The vision was articulated to strategically boost the labour market and economic well-being through various projects. This includes vocational projects, training interventions and other prospects. This vision also aims to transform the economy from a oil and develop further in all areas of the economy through skilled labor generation. This paper has been inspired from this Vision, which is to investigate to what extent that trainers & HR practitioner/professional are qualified to implement the training transfer theories at the workplace in Bahrain. Thus, this paper discussed the importance of understanding theories of training transfer, its influential factors on trainers, and its positive impact on the H.R. practitioner/professional working in a contemporary organization. The literature review covers topics related to Holton factors (Transfer of Training, Transfer Motivation, Training Transfer Design and Transfer Climate). Face-to-face interviews were conducted with eight participants. The qualitative method is adopted as the research methodology. The study findings outline that the HR professionals need to acquire more skills and competencies to ensure effective transfer of training.
The results suggest that the HR practitioners and professionals are not well versed in the concept of training transfer and lack the competencies to transfer the learnings from the training programs effectively. Moreover, advanced 21st-century skills and capabilities are required to be developed. Overall, the research contributes towards addressing the gap of implementing the training transfer methods in the Kingdom of Bahrain across Bahrain training institutions, personnel units and HR divisions of private sector universities. It creates high quality transfer of instruction methods of training transfer in Bahraini institutes, HR of private sectors and universities through launching contemporary training techniques such as (Transfer of Motivation, Training transfer Design & Transfer of Climate). The researcher produced ‘MKTTT’ model. The model simulates transfer of training to deal with the contemporary challenges faced by HR practitioners/professional to the workplace. The transfer of training implements ‘Holton factors’ i.e., Transfer motivation, transfer design & Transfer climate in the workplace, which will eventually improve the performance of the HR contemporary organization in the 21st century, (Baldwin & Ford, 1988).