The Effect of Ethical Leadership on Job Satisfaction and Affective Commitment: A Quantitative Case Study
This study investigated the effects of ethical leadership on employees’ job satisfaction and affective commitment at a selected institution of higher education located in the Northeast Region of the United States of America during the management crisis year of 2021. The conceptualization of ethical leaders by Brown et al. (2005) brings about some aspects of transformational, charismatic, and transactional leadership. This is because ethical leadership accentuates behavioral attributes that create an idealized influence on subordinates, their job-related behaviors, attitudes, and interpersonal relationships. Causal research design was employed to measure the variations among variables and determine the nature of the relationship among them. The study revealed that there was a significant positive correlation among all variables. In particular, there was a significant positive strong relationship between Job Satisfaction and Affective Commitment, while the relationship between both Job Satisfaction and Ethical Leadership and Affective Commitment and Ethical Leadership were moderate. The results of hypothesis testing showed that ethical leadership construct yielded a significant direct positive effect on affective commitment construct. Ethical leadership also yielded a significant direct positive effect on job satisfaction construct. The results of the sub-hypothesis testing showed that care construct yielded a significant direct positive effect on both affective commitment and job satisfaction, while critique construct yielded a significant negative effect on job satisfaction. Meanings from the results based on the data and literature are discussed in recommendations and implications for future research section.