Intralingual and Interlanguage Factors Affecting usage of the English Language prepositions ''in'' and ''on'' for EFL Learners


  • Dr. Dina A. Ali
  • Dr. Wijdan K. Mohammed
  • Dr. Hala Mohamed Osman Salih
  • Dr.Dina Ali Abdalla ALi
  • Dr. Wijdan Al Khalifah
  • Dr. Hala Mohamed Osman Salih


The present study investigates the reasons behind the misuse of English prepositions “in” and “on”. This study tried to find out if the misuse of the English prepositions is related to the interlanguage errors (the interference of mother tongue) or related to intralingual errors (due to the English language structure itself) or there are other factors which cause the misuse of English prepositions for the university students. The data is sampled from a (Test) distributed to students almost around (40) at King Khalid University, College of Science & Arts in Ahad Rufadia. The data analyses were done by the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) program. The findings are summarized and a concise set of recommendations for modifications and solutions are presented showing that English prepositions in general and the prepositions (in/on), in specific, are really a problematic issue for EFL learners’ where the interference of mother tongue was considered to be largely responsible for language misuse and other related errors committed by learners. Mainly students substitute errors are seen in the results by inserting “in’’ instead of ‘’on’’ and vise verse. The percentage of errors show high result of misuse. More focus is needed from instructors when teaching English prepositions as well as teaching strategies which links it to their real-life use which can help in their appropriate understanding and use.