Physical Fitness Level as Influenced by Ballroom Dancing


  • Susan A. Diosalan, EdD, PhD


This experimental research determined the influence of ballroom dancing in the development of physical fitness level of the first year education students of Capiz State University Main Campus, Roxas City. Employing the pre–test post-test design, data were gathered from the pre and post results of the control and experimental groups using ballroom dancing. The differences and significance were tested using t-test, and Pearson r for the relationship. In the pre-physical fitness level, the experimental group was found to be good in terms of flexibility, average in cardiovascular endurance and below average when it comes to strength. The control group, meanwhile, was good in flexibility and cardio vascular endurance but below average agility and strength. The posttest result shows that ballroom dancing yielded increased physical fitness. Specifically, it resulted to high flexibility, excellent agility, and average strength and good cardio vascular endurance. The control group, meanwhile, which was not exposed to ballroom dancing, showed good flexibility and cardio vascular endurance and average agility and strength. The pre- and post-test results of both groups differ significantly in flexibility, agility, strength and cardio vascular endurance in favor of the experimental group, showing that ballroom dancing developed the participants’ positive values and improved their knowledge, skills and creativity. Significant results were also found between the posttest of the two groups’ physical fitness level and relationship between the perceptions on ballroom dancing and level of training performance. Cha cha cha and jive were the proposed ballroom dancing activities. The resesearcher, therefore, proposed an improved instructional guide in ballroom dancing to be integrated in teaching physical education activities specifically in Physical Education 1002 ( Fitness Exercise).