Analyzing The Effects of Corruption on People’s Daily Lives in African Countries
In many African countries, corruption has become part of people’s culture. People, nations, teams, groups, or companies are part of the traditions that undermine social values and human dignity. Corruption continues to affect almost all dimensions of people’s daily lives, from poor public service delivery to poor governmental intervention, redirecting funds to suit private or individual agendas. The effect of corruption is multiple, impacting justice, equity, equality, human rights, trust, socio-economic development, poverty alleviation, and achieving the SDG, AU Agenda 63, and more specifically the NDP in SA. The abuse of high-level power for private gain undermines local, national, and global security and that of individual citizens. Most African countries are experiencing endless and unresolved socio-economic challenges due to several malpractices fueling corruption. Factors like poor accountability, lack of transparency, lack of political and judicial willingness, restrictions on anti-corruption activists, lack of protection for anti-corruption activists, failing to achieve justice, lack of whistleblower safeguards, political interference in anti-corruption institutions; ineffective or weak laws and practices, perceptions of nepotism and clientelism, limited citizen participation, etc., are amongst the issues sustaining deceitful/fraudulent practices (corruption), which are limiting socio-economic transformation in African countries. Various works of literature were reviewed and examined in trying to understand the reason why corruption is not declining in Africa. “If corruption is so rife as a global challenge, the question is: Is enough being done to erode it, or are the corrupt forces too powerful to be destroyed?” The case of South Africa is examined in this paper in trying to explore possible answers to these questions. However, global actions against corruption in Africa may not be an effective approach because of mixed/varied political, economic, and social unbalanced interests of globalization. But the AU, as well as each African country should develop a strong mechanism, efforts, policies, and resources and empower anti-corruption institutions to create and sustain incentive ethical behavior in the management of public dealings. Declining corruption in Africa requires individual or collective awareness, actions, efforts, and commitment to the best practice of social values, policies, and strategic plans based on the fundamentals of transparency, integrity, and honesty in the common interest of better service delivery.