Gender Concerns and Social Reform Movements in India


  • Bharti
  • Shravan Kumar


The paper is an analysis and understanding of the Social Reform Movements in India which were majorly a part of the nineteenth-century British Colony India and their impact on gender relations. The beginning is an introduction to the nineteenth century and the factors that led to the rise of social reform movements. The next part of the paper deals with the condition of women in the nineteenth century and social reforms in their lives. The transition as a consequence of certain systematic movements can be observed through the lives of two important women of the nineteenth century: Rassundari Devi and Pandita Ramabai. The discussion of the early twentieth century provides an insight into the early phase of feminism in India with the nationalist movement led by Mahatma Gandhi coming into the picture. The conclusion is a reflection of the observations regarding the reformers, nationalist movements, and the early post-independence reforms.