Association between General Happiness of Employees and Their Performance at Workplace: A Study at a Navaratna Company Plant in Bhubaneswar, India
Happiness is a positive inner experience and is often used interchangeably with psychological wellbeing, quality of life or satisfaction. But the definition of happiness is quite different and distinct in the eastern world when than the western part. It has been described as multidimensional and does not center around the subjective wellbeing eliminating other dimensions as it is done in the west. Happiness at work is important for organizational success. It leads success, achievements and satisfaction. Researchers have found out that happiness transform people to more creative, energetic and successful. To understand the relation between happiness and performance at work, a study was conducted in a plant of a Navarantna Company at Bhubaneswar, India. A total of 201 responses were collected from the selected plant using judgmental sampling technique. Happiness among the employees was measured as per the Bhutan’s GNH index excluding the national part from the dimensions. A structured questionnaire was constructed covering all the 9 domains in GNH index, 2010 with a slight modification in it. First 3 domains are familiar with human development perspective- living standards (housing conditions, earnings, wealth) education and health. Then the good governance, ecological resilience and use of time are the nest 3 domains. The final three domains were quite ground-breaking- psychological wellbeing (happiness including feelings and mysticism), cultural diversity and resilience and community vitality. The methodology we used to measure happiness was “Alkire-Foster method (2007-11) for measuring multidimensional poverty” as used in the GNH index. Whereas, the performance of each of the sample employees was taken from the following year’s office records as appraised by the company. There was no attempt made to reassess the performance of the employees by the investigator but the result was verified before taking it for analysis. The primary objective of this paper was to find out the impact of overall employees’ happiness in their performance at the workplace. Is there any positive relation between happiness and performance of employees at workplace? There was also an attempt to see the relationship of each domain of nine selected domains with the performance of the employees. The study was based on one assumption that the performance of employees is measurable and it is the result of their mental state (general happiness), keeping all other factors that can contribute to productivity remain constant. After the analysis, there could not be found any significant relation between overall happiness of the employees on the performance of the employees.